William Higginbotham created the first video game ever in 1958. His game, called "Tennis for Two," was created and played on a Brookhaven National Laboratory oscilloscope. In 1962, Steve Russell invented "SpaceWar!"." SpaceWar!" was the first game intended for computer use.
In 1967, Ralph Baer wrote the first video game played on a television set, a game called Chase. Ralph Baer was then part of Sanders Associates, a military electronics firm. Ralph Baer first conceived of his idea in 1951 while working for Loral, a television company.
In 1971, Nolan Bushnell together with Ted Dabney created the first arcade game. It was called Computer Space, based on Steve Russell”s earlier game of "Spacewar!". The arcade game Pong was created by Nolan Bushnell a year later. Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney started Atari Computers that same year. In 1975, Atari re-released Pong as a home video game.
In 1972, the first commercial video game console that could be played in the home, the Odyssey was released by Magnavox and designed by Ralph Baer. The game machine was originally designed in 1966 while Ralph Baer was still at Sanders Associates, who managed to gain his legal rights to the machine after Sanders Associates rejected it. The Odyssey came programmed with twelve games.
In 1976, Fairchild released the first programmable home game console called the Fairchild Video Entertainment System, and later renamed Channel F. Channel F was one of the first electronic systems to use the newly invented microchip invented by Robert Noyce for the Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation that allowed video games to not be limited by the number of TTL switches.
On June 17, 1980, Atari”s "Asteroids" and "Lunar Lander" were the first two video games to ever be registered in the Copyright Office.
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（来源：coolquiz.com 英语点津 Annabel 编辑）